Jagraon is a Sub-Division (Tehsil) of Ludhiana district, a city of Punjab, which is more than five centuries old. The city's original name was "Jagar aon", which means 'a place of great flooding', although this flooding has since ceased. Jagraon is located at almost the center of Punjab state, only 16 kilometers from the River Satluj. The society, like much of Punjab, is basically agrarian. Jagraon is also Headquarters of one of the Police Districts of Punjab.
Jagraon is Asia's second Largest Grain Collector after Khanna. It hosts the second Largest Animal Market of Punjab, after Vallah, near Amritsar. The cluster of educational institutions and colleges at Sidhwan, is a center for professional and vocational education for women in the state. It is a historic city of Lala Lajpat Rai. Lalaji was a resident of this city. Jagraon may be said to be a town of Pirs. The graves of some notable Pirs, such as Mohkam Din, Bandli Shah, Kheve Shah, Chup Shah and Zahir Wali Shah are situated there.
Jagraon is connected by Rail and Road. It is located at the junction of National Highways No. 95 and 71. The nearest airports are: Halwara (16 km), Sahnewal (45 km) and Adampur (70 km). The nearest International Ports are Guru Ram Das International Airport, Rajasansi (150 km), Wagha Landport (Border with Pakistan) (162 km) and Indira Gandhi International Airport, New Delhi (360 km).
History and religious significance:
Jagraon is an important religious center for Sikhs, Hindus, Muslims as well as Jains. Jagraon was founded by Rai Kamaluddin father of Rai Kalha III of Raikot in 1680 AD. Gurdwara Nanaksar Sahib is one of the important places of worship for Sikhs. Gurdwara Mehdiana Sahib is known for its unique depiction of scenes from Sikh history, especially those of atrocities committed against Sikhs by various Mughal rulers, in the form of life-sized statues. There are also many famous Hindu temples including Bhadra Kali Mandi and Pracheen Shiv Mandir. Muslim places of worship include the famous khanqah and the mausoleum of Mohkam Din, where a three-day annual fair, Roshni da mela is held in the third week of February. Mohkam Din had two wives, one named Sara Bibi and the other Jeena Bibi. Sara Bibi is buried next to Mohkam Din and Jeena Bibi is buried about one half a miles away from Mohkam Din's Mazaar and is beautifully built. Thousands of people pay their respects to her when attending Mohkam Din's annual Urs Mubarik, which is known as Roshni da mela. Before 1947 CE there was a large Muslim presence in this area. Right next to the mazaar of Mohkam Din there is the maqbara of Syed Hameeray Shah Sahib who was the adopted son of Mohkam Din because he had no child from either wife. Syed Hameeray Shah Sahib was also his great khalifa, matabanna and mutawalli of the property related to Mohkam Din. Mohkam Din died in February 1913 CE. He was initiated by his saint Murshid Muhammad Amin Sahib Sirhindi who was a saint and wali of the Naqshbandi Order established in India by Ahmad Sirhindi Mujaddid Alif Thani. Maulvi Mazhar Hassan Wakeel was the sajjada nishin and mutawalli of the Mazar Sharif. In 1947 he fled to Pakistan.