Introduction about Education
Education policy works as an agent of basic change in status and mind of people. It must be ensure child’s all round development i.e physical, mental, social, emotional and spiritual aspects of his/her personality. Education, which co-relates every fact of human development, requires a continuing policy input and initiative. The philosophy expressed in objectives must be able to meet the needs not only of the present but of the future also, what hold good today may not serve the needs of next generation.
The first decade of the new millennium is undoubtedly an appropriate time for stocktaking. And as we cast our eyes over the myriad challenges that confront humanity, the most persistent and yet perhaps remains the most challengeable is elementary education.
The Parliament has passed the Constitution 86th Amendment Act, 2002 to make elementary education a Fundamental Right for children in the age group of 6-14 years. It is proposed to bring in a follow-up legislation with detailed mechanism to implement this act.
The Scheme of Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan (SSA) was launched in 2001. The goals of SSA are as follows:
All 6-14 age children in school/Education Guarantee Scheme Centre/bridge course,
All 6-14 age children complete five year primary education by 2007;
All 6-14 age children complete eight years of schooling by 2010;
Focus on elementary education of satisfactory quality with emphasis on education for life;
Bridge all gender and social category gaps at primary stage by 2007 and at elementary education level by 2010; and
Universal retention 2010.
The assistance under the programme of SSA was on a 85:15 sharing arrangement during the Ninth Plan, 75:25 sharing arrangement during the Tenth Plan, and 50:50 sharing thereafter between the Central Government and State Government. The programme covers the entire country and addresses the needs of 192 million children in 11 Lacs habitations. 8.5 lacs existing primary and upper primary schools and 33 lacs existing teachers would be covered under the scheme.
What is Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan
A Programme with a clear time frame for universal elementary education.
A response to the demand for quality basic education all over the country.
An opportunity for promoting social justice through basic education.
An effort at effectively involving the Panchayati Raj Institutions, School Management Committees, Village and Urban Slum level Education Committees, Parents' Teachers' Associations, Mother Teacher Associations, Tribal Autonomous Councils and other grass root level structures in the management of elementary schools.
An expression of political will for universal elementary education across the country.
A partnership between the Central, State and the local government.
An opportunity for States to develop their own vision of elementary education
Aims of Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan
The Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan is to provide useful and relevant elementary education for all children in the 6 to 14 age group by 2010. There is also another goal to bridge social, regional and gender gaps, with the active participation of the community in the management of schools.
Useful and relevant education signifies a quest for an education system that is not alienating and that draws on community solidarity. Its aim is to allow children to learn about and master their natural environment in a manner that allows the fullest harnessing of their human potential both spiritually and materially. This quest must also be a process of value based learning that allows children an opportunity to work for each other's well being rather than to permit mere selfish pursuits.
Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan realizes the importance of Early Childhood Care and Education and looks at the 0-14 age as a continuum. All efforts to support pre-school learning in ICDS centres or special pre-school centres in non ICDS areas will be made to supplement the efforts being made by the Department of Women and Child Development.
SPECIAL FOCUS GROUP AND GIRL EDUCATION
Inclusive Education for the Disabled (IED)
If we wish to Universalize Elementary Education (UEE), inclusion of children with special needs is a pressing imperative. Access to education is a right of every child. The first few years of a child’s life are the most crucial. The children learn about themselves and the world around them. Their learning starts before they even step into a regular school. But for the hearing and speech impaired and mentally challenged children, the experience of growing and learning can be painful and frustrating; even more so, when the disabled child comes from an environment where survival is an everyday struggle and two square meals a day, an uncertainty. Coming from deprived families, their disability is further compounded by malnutrition and parental ignorance. Precisely under this component the IER teachers identify the CWSN and ensure it to avail them adequate education and environment as per their needs and level. Under this component we fulfill the special needs of CWSN at Resource rooms, Home based and school level. We made the environment of CWSN barrier free with the help of a
SSA commitment to universalize primary education necessarily implies equal participation of all children regardless of religion, caste, sex etc. Girls, who constitute one-half of the child population, fall into this category requires special attention. It has noticed that participation of girl belongs to SC, OBC and minorities category declined. Some reasons behind this are the non-supportive environment in the classroom, poverty and for distance of schools.
Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan is committed to bring children from all focus groups under the ambit of elementary education. Under this activity in this regard the Uniform shall be provided to the Girls study in Govt. Schools. These schools selected mostly in remote rural areas where education and enrolment of girls is a problem. Mobilization of the community was undertaken with the help of mass media aimed at target audience of poor parents living in remote rural areas. Local existing infrastructure for mass communication like the Gurdwara / Mandir network was used to disseminate information on the role of girl education in eradication of poverty and better standards of living.
No. of Children provided Uniforms
The No. of Govt. Primary School in Sub Division , Jagraon is as under: